Table 3

Characteristics of the patients on admission according to oral rehydration solution (ORS) given

Hypotonic ORS
(n = 59)
Ultrahypotonic ORS
(n = 64)
Admission
Patients (%) with rotavirus56 (95%)57 (89%)
Age (months) 17.0 (14.9 to 18.3)18.0 (16.2 to 20.6)
Duration of diarrhoea before admission (hours)66 (59 to 74)63 (56 to 71)
Acute weight loss (g)463 (431 to 496)462 (417 to 506)
Admission weight (kg)10.1 (9.7 to 10.5)10.6 (10.0 to 11.2)
Blood sodium concentration (mmol/l) 137 (136 to 138)137 (136 to 137)
Blood potassium concentration (mmol/l)4.1 (4.0 to 4.3)4.2 (4.1 to 4.3)
Blood base excess (mmol/l)−7.6 (−8.6, to 6.7)−6.7 (−7.6, to 5.8)
Bacteriotherapy
Patients (%) with early LGG treatment31 (53%)30 (47%)
Rehydration treatment
Initial rehydration (ml)631 (587 to 675)614 (576 to 652)
Total consumption of ORS (ml)1388 (1211 to 1564)1356 (1216 to 1495)
  • Values are mean (95% confidence intervals) except where stated.

  • Differences between the groups were not significant.

  • LGG, Lactobacillus strain GG.