Table 1

Causes of isolated urinary incontinence

Structural
 Duplex with ectopic ureter
Exstrophy/epispadias complex
Posterior urethral valves
Miscellaneous bladder outlet obstruction
Urethral duplication
Vesical fistula
Small fibrotic bladder (surgery, radiotherapy)
Labial adhesions
Dysfunctional
Idiopathic detrusor instability
Urge syndrome