Online First

May 23, 2022

  • Global child health
    Training packages for the use of child development tools in low/middle-income countries: a review
    Maria Neocleous, Katelyn Hepworth, Vanessa Cavallera, Melissa Gladstone

    Essential to improvements in overall child health is an emphasis on helping children thrive as well as survive. This new emphasis will require a well-trained healthcare workforce in this regard. This paper reviews child development training packages in resource-limited settings.

May 20, 2022

May 18, 2022

  • Global child health
    Higher childhood pneumonia admission threshold remains in Lao PDR: an observational study
    Ruth Lim, Molina Chaummanivong, Chansathit Taikeophithoun, Amy Gray, Adam W J Jenney, Vanphanom Sychareun, Cattram Nguyen, Fiona Russell

    This study from Lao assesses adherence to the simplified, less parenteral antibiotic focused WHO 2014 pneumonia guidance compared with earlier recommendations.

May 16, 2022

  • Original research
    Oral and Swallowing Abilities Tool (OrSAT) in nusinersen treated patients
    Beatrice Berti, Lavinia Fanelli, Giulia Stanca, Roberta Onesimo, Concetta Palermo, Daniela Leone, Roberto de Sanctis, Sara Carnicella, Giulia Norcia, Nicola Forcina, Giorgia Coratti, Maria Carmela Pera, Valentina Giorgio, Carolina Ausili Cefaro, Richard Finkel, Marika Pane, Eugenio Mercuri

    New interventions have radically altered the natural history of Spinal Muscular Atrophy. In this report, oral and swallowing outcomes are report following interventions, widening our understanding of the potential benefits of early treatment.

  • Original research
    Changes in adolescents’ planned hospital care during the COVID-19 pandemic: analysis of linked administrative data
    Louise Mc Grath-Lone, David Etoori, Ruth Gilbert, Katie L Harron, Jenny Woodman, Ruth Blackburn

    This paper describes changes in planned hospital care for adolescents during the pandemic, highlighting the disproportionate impact on those receiving children’s social care services or special educational needs support.

May 12, 2022

May 10, 2022

  • Archimedes
    Is recombinant tissue plasminogen activator treatment a safe choice in very and extremely preterm infants with intracardiac thrombosis?
    Martina Ciarcià, Iuri Corsini, Francesca Miselli, Michele Luzzati, Caterina Coviello, Valentina Leonardi, Simone Pratesi, Carlo Dani
  • Original research
    Short-course intravenous antibiotics for young infants with urinary tract infection
    Jolie Lawrence, Laure F Pittet, Samar Hikmat, Eloise J Silvester, Vanessa Clifford, Rodney Hunt, Amanda Gwee

    This study aimed to determine the safety of early IV-to-oral antibiotic switch, and identify risk factors for bacteraemia with UTIs. Short course IV antibiotics for <48 hours for young infants with non-bacteraemic UTI should be considered, provided meningitis has been excluded. Treatment failure and serious complications were rare in young infants with UTI.

  • Letter
    Myanmar paediatricians during military coup: we strike and survive
    Thet Htar Shwe Sin Win, Myint Me Me, Wah Wah Winn, Kaung Myat Kyaw
  • Paediatric Emergency Medicine
    Outpatient parenteral antimicrobial therapy: how young is too young?
    Kate Alison Hodgson, Ruth Lim, Julie Huynh, Ben Nind, Naomi Katz, Robin Marlow, Conor C Hensey, Barry Scanlan, Laila F Ibrahim, Penelope A Bryant

    A prospective 8-year observational study from September 2012 to September 2020 including 76 episodes for which neonates were admitted to the Hospital-in-the-Home (HITH) for outpatient parenteral antimicrobial therapy (OPAT), and 405 episodes for older infants evaluated the use, the efficacy and the outcomes of OPAT in neonates (≤28 days of age), compared with older infants (1-12 months of age). This study demonstrates that OPAT is a safe and effective way of providing antibiotics to selected clinically stable neonatal patients. Whilst appropriate antibiotic use was common, improvements can still be made.

May 09, 2022

May 05, 2022

May 02, 2022

  • Original research
    Gestational age and risk of intellectual disability: a population-based cohort study
    Weiyao Yin, Nora Döring, Monica S M Persson, Martina Persson, Kristina Tedroff, Ulrika Ådén, Sven Sandin

    In this large retrospective study, the authors explore the relationship between gestational age on a week-by-week basis and the risk of intellectual disability. This analysis provides further evidence of the potential adverse consequences of even moderate prematurity

April 29, 2022

  • Global child health
    World Health Organization and knowledge translation in maternal, newborn, child and adolescent health and nutrition
    STAGE (Strategic Technical Advisory Group of Experts), Trevor Duke, Fadia S AlBuhairan, Koki Agarwal, Narendra K Arora, Sabaratnam Arulkumaran, Zulfiqar A Bhutta, Fred Binka, Arachu Castro, Mariam Claeson, Blami Dao, Gary L Darmstadt, Mike English, Fadi Jardali, Michael Merson, Rashida A Ferrand, Alma Golden, Michael H Golden, Caroline Homer, Fyezah Jehan, Caroline W Kabiru, Betty Kirkwood, Joy E Lawn, Song Li, George C Patton, Marie Ruel, Jane Sandall, Harshpal Singh Sachdev, Mark Tomlinson, Peter Waiswa, Dilys Walker, Stanley Zlotkin

    Members of the World Health Organization's Strategic and Technical Advisory Group of Experts shares some insights on their approach to knowledge translation to improve child health worldwide.

  • Global child health
    Children living with disabilities are neglected in severe malnutrition protocols: a guideline review
    Magdalena Engl, Paul Binns, Indi Trehan, Natasha Lelijveld, Chloe Angood, Marie McGrath, Nora Groce, Marko Kerac

    This paper outlines the case for more inclusion of children living with disability in clinical guidelines for severe malnutrition, as malnutrition is common in children with neurodevelopmental disability and requires some different approaches.

April 27, 2022

April 25, 2022

April 22, 2022

April 05, 2022

April 04, 2022

April 01, 2022

March 31, 2022

March 29, 2022

  • Original research
    Parental and physician disagreement on help-seeking in paediatric case scenarios
    Sarah Visscher, Karlijn van Stralen, Jaan Toelen, Peter de Winter

    This study found parents and professionals had significantly different knowledge and perspectives about appropriate help-seeking for unwell children. Awareness of these gaps could empower parents and improve safety-netting communication.

  • Original research
    Weight loss during ambulatory tube weaning: don’t put the feeds back up
    Charlotte Margaret Wright, Stephanie McNair, Beatrice Milligan, Jennifer Livingstone, Emily Fraser

    Retrospective case series of outcomes of attempts to stop tube feeding in a cohort of 58 children: take-home message is that weight loss is common during weaning, and if one increases feed rate again, it just takes longer.

March 28, 2022

March 22, 2022

March 16, 2022

March 15, 2022

March 14, 2022

March 11, 2022

March 07, 2022