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Child poverty and health inequalities in the UK: a guide for paediatricians
  1. Alice R Lee1,2,
  2. Camilla C Kingdon3,
  3. Max Davie4,
  4. Daniel Hawcutt5,6,
  5. Ian P Sinha1,2
  1. 1Lab to Life Child Health Applied Data Centre, Department of Innovation, Alder Hey Children's NHS Foundation Trust, Liverpool, UK
  2. 2University of Liverpool, Liverpool, UK
  3. 3Neonatology, Evelina London Children's Hospital, London, UK
  4. 4Community Paediatrics, Mary Sheridan Centre, Evelina London Children's Hospital, London, UK
  5. 5National Institute for Health Research, Alder Hey Clinical Research Facility, Alder Hey Children's Hospital, Liverpool, UK
  6. 6Department of Women's and Children's Health, University of Liverpool, Liverpool, UK
  1. Correspondence to Dr Ian P Sinha, Alder Hey Children's NHS Foundation Trust, Liverpool L12 2AP, UK; iansinha{at}


One in three children in the UK lives in relative poverty. There are clear and consistent links between child poverty and paediatric morbidity and mortality. In this review, we discuss drivers for family poverty in the UK, and how this leads to poor child health outcomes. We present a framework for healthcare professionals and institutions to consider interventions and strategies relating to socioeconomic health inequalities. We will focus on approaches to mitigate the effects of child poverty on children using our services at a local level and outline the importance of healthcare workers advocating for structural and high-level policy change to address the deep-rooted societal problems that cause child poverty.

  • Child Health
  • Child Health Services
  • Epidemiology
  • Paediatrics

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  • DH and IPS are joint senior authors.

  • Twitter @CamillaKingdon, @pharmaforkids

  • DH and IPS contributed equally.

  • Contributors IPS, DH and ARL wrote the paper. MD, CCK and ARL conceived of the need for this paper and have reviewed the final version. IPS is the guarantor.

  • Funding ARL is funded by the Lab to Life Child Health Data Centre, Department of Innovation, Alder Hey Children’s Hospital.

  • Competing interests None declared.

  • Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed.