Background/Objectives In England, children (0–18 years) with severe, complex and atypical osteogenesis imperfecta (OI) are managed by four centres (Birmingham, Bristol, London, Sheffield) in a ‘Highly Specialised Service’ (HSS OI); affected children with a genetic origin for their disease that is not in COL1A1 or COL1A2 form the majority of the ‘atypical’ group, which has set criteria for entry into the service. We have used the data from the service to assess the range and frequency of non-collagen pathogenic variants resulting in OI in a single country.
Methods Children with atypical OI were identified through the HSS OI service database. All genetic testing for children with OI in the service were undertaken at the Sheffield Diagnostic Genetics Service. Variant data were extracted and matched to individual patients. This study was done as part of a service evaluation project registered with the Sheffield Children’s Hospital Clinical Governance Department.
Results One hundred of 337 children in the HSS met the ‘atypical’ criteria. Eighty have had genetic testing undertaken; 72 had genetic changes detected, 67 in 13 genes known to be causative for OI. The most frequently affected genes were IFITM5 (22), P3H1 (12), SERPINF1 (8) and BMP1 (6).
Conclusion Among children with more severe forms of OI (approximately one-third of all children with OI), around 20% have pathogenic variants in non-collagen genes. IFITM5 was the most commonly affected gene, followed by genes within the P3H1 complex. These data provide additional information regarding the likelihood of different genetic origins of the disease in children with OI, which may influence clinical care.
- child health
Data availability statement
Data are available upon reasonable request.
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Contributors NB, PT and MB conceived the study and established the study design. PT collated and analysed all the data. All authors contributed to data collection and manuscript write-up and approved the final manuscript. NB and MB take full responsibility for overall content and act as guarantor for the data included in this manuscript.
Funding The authors have not declared a specific grant for this research from any funding agency in the public, commercial or not-for-profit sectors.
Competing interests None declared.
Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed.
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