Article Text

other Versions

Download PDFPDF
Tinnitus and hearing in 7-year-old children
  1. Jolanta Juul1,
  2. Marie-Louise Barrenäs2,
  3. Kajsa-Mia Holgers3
  1. 1Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Section for Audiology, Institute of Neuroscience and Physiology, The Sahlgrenska Academy at University of Gothenburg, Sahlgrenska University Hospital, Göteborg, Sweden
  2. 2Department of Paediatrics, Gothenburg Paediatric Growth Research Centre (GP-GRC), Institute of Clinical Sciences, The Sahlgrenska Academy at University of Gothenburg, Queen Silvia Children's Hospital, Göteborg, Sweden
  3. 3Department of Health Sciences at Jönköping Academy, University of Jönköping, Jönköping, Sweden
  1. Correspondence to Jolanta Juul, Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Section for Audiology, Sahlgrenska University Hospital, SE-413 45 Göteborg, Sweden; jolanta.juul{at}


Background Tinnitus occurs with or without prior noise exposure (noise-induced tinnitus (NIT) and spontaneous tinnitus (ST)), and is considered a symptom related to permanent hearing impairment (HI) or temporary hearing threshold shift (TTS).

Objective To carry out a cross-sectional interview study on TTS, ST and NIT during a standard audiometric screening of 756 7-year-old children in Gothenburg.

Results 41% out of 756 children reported either NIT or ST on several occasions, 17% reported recurrent TTS and 7% failed the audiometry screening. The probability of ST was 27% for children with no HI or TTS (OR=1.23 (95% CI 1.12 to 1.34)) but 63% (OR=1.16 (95% CI 1.02 to 1.33)) if exhibiting both HI and TTS.

Conclusion This study confirms an increased occurrence of spontaneous tinnitus in children with TTS or HI and in children with both TTS and HI, in particular, but also in children with normal hearing. Possibly, tinnitus in young children correlates with stress as in adolescents and adults.

Statistics from

Request Permissions

If you wish to reuse any or all of this article please use the link below which will take you to the Copyright Clearance Center’s RightsLink service. You will be able to get a quick price and instant permission to reuse the content in many different ways.


  • Funding This study was supported by Swedish Research Council funding for clinical research in medicine, nr ALFGBG-2766 and the funds were used for reimbursing the audiologist for the extra time spent performing the interviews, in addition to carrying out screening within a national programme.

  • Competing interests None.

  • Ethics approval This study was approved by the ethical committee in Gothenburg (reference number 125-04) and performed according to the Helsinki declaration.

  • Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed.