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O-055 Fractional Anisotropy In White Matter And Mean Diffusivity In Grey Matter Correlate To Neurodevelopmental Performance Following Hypoxic-ischaemic Encephalopathy
  1. N Tusor1,
  2. A Makropoulos1,
  3. G Ball1,
  4. B Bouwen2,
  5. J Allsop1,
  6. D Azzopardi1,
  7. AD Edwards1,
  8. S Counsell1
  1. 1Division of Imaging Sciences and Biomedical Engineering, Department of Perinatal Imaging, Centre for the Developing Brain, King’s College London, London, UK
  2. 2Department of Neonatology, Erasmus MC Sophia Children’s Hospital, Rotterdam, Netherlands


Background and aim Biomarkers are needed to test novel neuroprotective therapies efficiently. The aim was to test the hypothesis that fractional anisotropy (FA) in white matter (WM) and mean diffusivity (MD) in grey matter (GM) correlate to subsequent developmental quotient (DQ) in infants with hypoxic-ischaemic encephalopathy (HIE).

Methods We studied 40 infants with HIE (median [range] age 39+5 [36+4–42+3]), who underwent MRI within 21 days of birth and neurodevelopmental assessment at ≥12 months. Infants with a DQ >2SDs below the mean were considered to have an unfavourable outcome. Cortical, thalamic and WM tissue labels were generated by neonatal atlas-based automated segmentation of the T2-weighted images [1]. Tissue labels were propagated onto the diffusion maps. FA and MD values were determined. Linear regression was performed to assess the correlation between FA/MD and DQ. Estimation of unfavourable outcome with FA/MD in WM and GM was examined using receiver operating characteristic (ROC) analysis.

Results Following correction for multiple comparisons and age at scan significant correlation was found between DQ and FA in WM (p = 0.0002), and MD in thalami (p = 0.0002) and cortex (p = 0.005). ROC analysis to estimate unfavourable outcome showed larger area under the curve (AUC) for FA in WM, than MD in GM (Figure and Table).

Abstract O-055 Table 1

Results of receiver operating characteristics analysis to estimate out come with FA in WM and MD in thalami and cortex. SE—standard error, CI—confidence intervals

Conclusion These data show that FA in WM and MD in GM may be used as biomarkers of outcome following HIE.


  1. Makropoulos et al. 2013

Abstract O-055 Figure 1

Graphs showing receiver operating characteristic curves to estimate outcome with FA in WM (A), MD in thalami (B) and cortex (C)

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