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Assessment and management of anxiety disorders in children and adolescents
  1. Cathy Creswell1,
  2. Polly Waite1,
  3. Peter J Cooper1,2
  1. 1School of Psychology and Clinical Language Sciences, University of Reading, Reading, Berkshire, UK
  2. 2Department of Psychology, Stellenbosch University, Matieland, South Africa
  1. Correspondence to Dr Cathy Creswell, School of Psychology and Clinical Language Sciences, University of Reading, Whiteknights, Reading, Berkshire RG6 6AL, UK; c.creswell{at}


Anxiety disorders in childhood and adolescence are extremely common and are often associated with lifelong psychiatric disturbance. Consistent with DSM-5 and the extant literature, this review concerns the assessment and treatment of specific phobias, separation anxiety disorder, generalised anxiety disorder, social anxiety disorder, panic disorder and agoraphobia. Evidence-based psychological treatments (cognitive behaviour therapy; CBT) for these disorders have been developed and investigated, and in recent years promising low-intensity versions of CBT interventions have been proposed that offer a means to increase access to evidence-based treatments. There is some evidence of effectiveness of pharmacological treatments for anxiety disorders in children and young people, however, routine prescription is not recommended due to concerns about potential harm.

  • Anxiety
  • Assessment
  • Treatment
  • Children
  • Adolescents

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