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The prevalence of fetal macrosomia in developed countries has increased by some 15–25% in recent decades, an increase largely attributed to increasing maternal obesity and diabetes. Risk factors for macrosomia include male fetal sex, high parity, maternal age, and height, post-term pregnancy, and pre-gestational or gestational diabetes. Neonatal and obstetric complications include perinatal asphyxia and death, shoulder dystocia, increased risk …
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