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92 Vaccination of Turkish Infants, Children & Adolescents; Practice Based Approach
  1. D Gözen
  1. Pediatric Nursing, Istanbul University Florence Nightingale Faculty of Nursing, Istanbul, Turkey


Infection diseases are cause of serious morbidity and mortality in children and adults. Immunization is the most cost-effective interventions for child survival and well being recommended by World health Organization (WHO). The “Expanded Programme on Immunization’’(EPI) was established by WHO in 1974. Global Immunization Vision Strategy (GIVS) was developped by UNICEF and WHO in 2005 which aims to decrease morbitidy and mortality from preventable diseases by immunization programmes.

Immunization rates increased over 90% in Turkey by national vaccination Schedule in recent years. Vaccines in National vaccination Schedule are practiced free in the Family Health Centers by Ministry of Health for all children in Turkey.

Immunization for children varies and regulated depending on child’s physical and functional condition. The true way and niddle angle of the vaccine injection is very important. In the literature it is recommended that update the knowledge of the nurses about vaccine administration is effet to decrease side effects of vaccines.

The Mininistry of Health’s one of the objective of “Healthy Society 2010’’ is increase immunization rates over 90% for adolescents. Adolescent Health Centers evaluate immunization histories of all adolescents and recommend vaccines for missed vaccinated adolescents. Human Papilloma Virus (HPV) vaccine is recommended for adolescents to protect them from servical cancers. Because of HPV vaccine doesnt placed in the National Childhood Vaccination Schedule. Hepatit B, combined diphtheria, tetanus, aselular pertusis, measles, mumps and rubella, varicella, meningococcal vaccine, and HPV vaccine application is recommended for 11–18 years of age in the routine vaccination Schedule all adolescents.

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