Article Text


71 Reliability and Validity of Turkish Version of the Physical Activity Questionnaire for Older Children (PAQ-C)
  1. L Erdim1,
  2. A Ergun2,
  3. S Kuguoglu3
  1. 1Pediatric Nursing Department, Istanbul University, Faculty of Health Science
  2. 2Community Health Nursing, Marmara University, Faculty of Health Science, Division of Nursing, Istanbul, Turkey
  3. 3Pediatric Nursing Department, Emeritus Professor from Marmara University, Faculty of Health Science, Division of Nursing, Brooklyn, NY, USA


Background and aims The aim of this study was to examine the psychometric properties of Turkish version of the Physical Activity Questionnaire for Older Children (PAQ-C) developed by Kowalski et al. The PAQ-C is a validated self-report measure of physical activity widely used to assess physical activity in children (8–14 years of age).

Methods This study was methodological design. The PAQ-C consists of nine questions was rated on a 5-point likert scale. The PAQ-C was translated using a translation/back-translation method. The subjects were 549 Turkish school children. The internal consistency of the PAQ-C was assessed using Cronbach’s alpha. Content validity was based on an experts’ panel and assessed by using a content validity index.

Results The study was completed with 549 children (49.8% female, 50.2% male). Mean age of the participant was 10.30 years (SD= 0.71, range, 8–11 years). The overall Content validity index (CVI) was 98.75% which signified that the PAQ-C has good content validity. Correlation values of scale items were found between 0.21– 0.70 for all items as the result of item total score analysis. Cronbach’s alpha coefficient was found as 0.86. The scale had a fairly good test-retest reliability (r= 0.64, p<0.001).

Conclusions Psychometric analyses of the Turkish version of PAQ-C indicate high reliability and good content and construct validity. The PAQ-C is a useful instrument for assess to physical activity patterns in Turkish children.

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