Aim The aim of our study was to evaluate the impact of aeropollutants on the development of asthma in children.
Materials and methods To solve this problem we used the method of compatibility of geochemical and medical data using GIS technologies and the R-factor analysis. Using our own and compilation data we have created database with the frequency of asthma disease in children in different cities of Crimea. Average annual data on the pollution of the cities by different gases and dust were taken at the local medical service. Then, having made the database with the calculated values of the factors at each point.
Results The study in some cities we have found out only 3 global integrated pollution zones. We have found out that the highest incidence of asthma is observed in adolescents and it is 10 times higher than for 7–14-year-old children, this group of children is the most susceptible to the effects of polluting factors. All the studied pollutants: carbon monoxide, dust, nitrogen dioxide, sulfur dioxide, formaldehyde et al. in case of increasing of their levels in the air, are fully involved in the development of asthma in children. But even single limit doses of dust and ammonia (normal maximum allowable doses a year) within the year for children with asthma are significant and contribute to the development of disease exacerbation.
Conclusion The R-factor analysis can solve many problems for the prevention of diseases including asthma.
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