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Skin colour: a barrier to early referral of infants with biliary atresia in the UK
  1. Lily Rose Martin,
  2. Mark Davenport,
  3. Anil Dhawan
  1. Paediatric Liver GI and Nutrition Centre, Kings College Hospital, London, UK
  1. Correspondence to Dr Anil Dhawan, Paediatric Liver GI and Nutrition Centre, Kings College Hospital, London, SE5 9RS, UK; anil.dhawan{at}

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Biliary atresia (BA) is a disease of infancy which, if untreated, is fatal. When diagnosed, an attempt is made to restore bile flow by excision of the affected biliary remnants and portoenterostomy.1 The baby's age at surgery is critical to the outcome, forestalling or removing the need for liver transplantation.2

BA presents as a combination of prolonged neonatal jaundice, pale stools and dark urine. Jaundice is a key clinical sign that is detectable first in the sclera and with increasing severity in the skin. Despite conventional clinical teaching that recommends scleral examination to demonstrate jaundice, healthcare professionals comment on …

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  • Contributors MD and AD conceived of the idea for the study, LM collected and analysed the data.

  • Competing interests None.

  • Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed.

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