Background: Measurements at the end of puberty of neonates short for gestational age (SGA-L) are scant.
Objective: To determine the correlation between birth length and weight in neonates, with height and weight at age 17 years.
Subjects and Methods: 385 full-term neonates, measuring less than 48 cm (SGA-L) and 585 full-term neonates, measuring 48 cm or greater (adequate birth length for gestational age; AGA-L) were included. 234 SGA-L and 359 AGA-L were identified at age 17 years.
Results: Comparison of the two groups revealed that both sexes born SGA-L were also shorter at age 17 years than those born AGA-L (girls 158.9 cm (SD 7.6) vs 164.2 cm (SD 64) (p<0.001) and boys 167.3 cm (SD 8.7) vs 173.8 cm (SD 7.1) (p<0.001)). The subjects born SGA-L also weighed significantly less than those born AGA-L (p<0.001) both at birth and at age 17 years.
Conclusions: Children born SGA-L become short adults and weigh less at age 17 years than children with a normal birth length.
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Competing interests None.
Ethics approval The study was approved both by the Hospital Ethical Committee and the Israel Defense Forces (IDF) Medical Corps Review Board.
Presented in part at the 90th Annual Meeting of the Endocrine Society in San Francisco, 15–18 June 2008.
Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed.