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N Spencer, C Blackburn, J Read. University of Warwick, Coventry, UK

Aims: This paper, arising from an Economic and Social Research Council-funded study, reports on the living circumstances of children and young people aged 0–18 years with disabilities as defined by the Disability Discrimination Act (DDA) based on a secondary analysis of the 2004/5 Family Resources Survey, an annual cross-sectional survey of a representative sample of UK households.

Methods: A secondary analysis of 2004/5 Family Resources Survey data was carried out to study the living circumstances of children and young people aged 0–18 years with a physical or mental impairment that has a substantial and long-term adverse effect on the child’s ability to carry out normal day-to-day activities. A bivariate analysis of DDA-defined disability by household composition, adults in household with disability, income, housing tenure, overcrowding, debt, ethnicity and measures of child and household material deprivation was carried out. Multivariate models were fitted on DDA-defined disability to account for confounding. Odds ratios (OR) with 95% confidence intervals were estimated for variables entered in the models.

Results: 7.3% of children and young people (952 761 using weightings for the UK population) were reported to have a disability consistent with the DDA definition. In bivariate analysis, children and young people with disabilities were significantly more likely (p>0.05) to be over 4 years of age, boys, of “white” ethnicity and to live in lone-parent households, in households with one or more adults with DDA-defined disability, in rented and/or overcrowded accommodation, in households with one or more debts and in low income and materially deprived households. In multivariate analysis, age greater than 4 years (OR 2.07, 95% CI 1.72 to 2.48), male sex (OR 1.59, 95% CI 1.40 to 1.80), “white” ethnicity (OR 1.48, 95% CI 1.17 to 1.84), one or more adults with …

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