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Children’s consent and paediatric research: is it appropriate for healthy children to be the decision-makers in clinical research?
  1. T John1,
  2. T Hope2,
  3. J Savulescu3,
  4. A Stein4,
  5. A J Pollard1
  1. 1
    Department of Paediatrics, University of Oxford, Oxford, UK
  2. 2
    Ethox Centre, Department of Public Health, University of Oxford, Oxford, UK
  3. 3
    Department of Philosophy, University of Oxford, Oxford, UK
  4. 4
    Department of Psychology, University of Oxford, Oxford, UK
  1. Tessa John, Oxford Vaccine Group, Centre for Clinical Vaccinology and Tropical Medicine, Department of Paediatrics, University of Oxford, Churchill Hospital, Oxford OX3 7LJ, UK; tessa.john{at}


Aim: To determine the appropriateness of asking healthy children to make a decision regarding participation in a research study.

Methods: Participants constituted a group of children taking part in a follow-up to a vaccine study which involved a blood test to look at the persistence of antibodies. Information about the study was given to each child and following venepuncture an oral questionnaire was completed to establish understanding of the vaccine study. Parental views concerning their child’s ability to make a decision regarding research participation were also sought.

Results: 73 children participated overall. Following venepuncture 59% (n = 43) had grasped some aspect of the reasoning behind venepuncture with 33% (n = 24) unclear. The majority of parents (n = 55) and a substantial number of children (n = 28) believed that the parent should make the decision about study participation, although it is clear that a significant minority of parents thought it is right to involve the child in that process.

Conclusion: New guidance about the requirements for informed consent involving children in research is needed, which can respect the autonomy of the child and the role of the parent, while recognising the limited capacity of some children to understand age-appropriate information.

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  • Funding: A grant was obtained from Oxfordshire Health Services Research Committee and the Medical Research Fund. The funding bodies had no input in the study design. All researchers are independent of the funding bodies.

  • Competing interests: AJP is the Chief Investigator for vaccine trials conducted on behalf of Oxford University that require the participation of children and their parents in the assent and/or consent process. TJ, TH, JS and AS have no competing interests to declare.

  • Contributors: TJ and AJP conceived and planned the study. TJ obtained the data, wrote the first draft of the paper and is guarantor for the study. TH, AS and JS advised on the design and content of the study. AJP advised on the daily running of the study. All authors contributed to the manuscript.