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Paediatricians in many hospitals in the UK are now involved in following up babies born to mothers with HIV. The successful application of interventions to reduce mother to child transmission means that the risk of HIV infection in these babies is now 1–2%. British HIV Association guidelines recommend that babies should be tested by PCR for HIV proviral DNA at birth, 6 weeks and 3 months. They can be considered HIV uninfected after two consecutive negative PCRs off treatment, provided the mother’s virus has been shown to amplify successfully with the PCR assay and the …
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