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Routinely collected census data can provide important information about health inequalities. Unlike many other countries, Thailand seems to be on the way to achieving the fourth Millennium Development Goal of a two-thirds reduction in under-five mortality rate (U5MR) between 1990 and 2015 (

) . Data from 1990 and 2000 censuses (corresponding to U5MR reference years of 1984 and 1994) have shown an overall reduction in U5MR of 32% (from 27.4 to 18.7 per 1000 livebirths). Among people in the poorest quintile for socioeconomic status the U5MR fell from 40.8 to 23.0 per 1000 and among people in the richest quintile the fall was from 14.8 to 12.9 per 1000. Thus the gap between rich and poor was reduced by 61% (from 26.0 to 10.1 extra deaths per 1000 children under the age of 5). These reductions in U5MR and in U5MR inequality are in large part attributed to economic growth, reduction in poverty, better insurance coverage, and better and more equitably distributed health services.

Men who were brought up in single-parent homes more often report having suffered sexual abuse in childhood. Low socioeconomic status also increases the risk of child sexual abuse. Now a study in a high-risk urban area in …

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