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Prevalence of cardiovascular disease risk in Ontario adolescents
  1. Andreas D Flouris1,
  2. Corey H Canham2,
  3. Brent E Faught2,
  4. Panagiota Klentrou2
  1. 1Environmental Ergonomics Laboratory, School of Health and Human Performance, Dalhousie University, Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada
  2. 2Faculty of Applied Health Sciences, Brock University, St. Catharines, Ontario, Canada
  1. Correspondence to:
    Andreas D Flouris
    Environmental Ergonomics Laboratory, School of Health and Human Performance, Dalhousie University, 6230 South Street, Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada B3H 3J5; aflouris{at}


We assessed traditional cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factors in 3293 Canadian adolescents (age: 14.1 (SD 0.6) years; body mass index (BMI): 23.0 (SD 6.3)). Prevalence for obesity, borderline hypertension and hyperlipaemia was 23.7% (95% CI 1.5%), 9.1% (95% CI 1.0%) and 9.7% (95% CI 1.0%), respectively, with increased estimates in children with low cardiorespiratory fitness (p<0.05). Participants demonstrated increased CVD risk, highlighting the necessity of placing adolescents in the forefront of preventive CVD programs.

  • BMI, body mass index
  • CVD, cardiovascular disease
  • body fat
  • physical activity
  • blood pressure
  • cholesterol
  • clinical obesity

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  • Published Online First 17 January 2007

  • This study was supported by Heart Niagara. Andreas D Flouris was supported by the Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada through a PGS-D3 Scholarship.

  • Competing interests: None.

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