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High prevalence of asymptomatic vitamin D and iron deficiency in East African immigrant children and adolescents living in a temperate climate
  1. George McGillivray1,3,
  2. Susan A Skull1,2,3,4,
  3. Gabrielle Davie1,2,
  4. Sarah E Kofoed3,
  5. Alexis Frydenberg3,
  6. James Rice3,
  7. Regina Cooke3,
  8. Jonathan R Carapetis1,2,3,4
  1. 1
    Murdoch Children’s Research Institute, Melbourne, Australia
  2. 2
    Department of Paediatrics, University of Melbourne, Melbourne, Australia
  3. 3
    Royal Children’s Hospital, Melbourne, Australia
  4. 4
    Menzies School of Health Research, Charles Darwin University, Darwin, Australia
  1. Professor Jonathan Carapetis, Menzies School of Health Research, PO Box 41096, Casuarina, NT 0811, Australia; jonathan.carapetis{at}menzies.edu.au

Footnotes

  • The study was conducted utilising the facilities and the material support of the Clinical Epidemiology and Biostatistics Unit, Murdoch Children’s Research Institute, the Centre for International Child Health, University of Melbourne Department of Paediatrics, and the Royal Children’s Hospital. No other funding was required.

  • Competing interests: None.

  • Abbreviations:
    ALP
    alkaline phosphatase
    BMI
    body mass index
    95% CI
    95% confidence interval
    IQR
    interquartile range
    25-OHD
    25-hydroxyvitamin D
    PTH
    parathyroid hormone
    RCH
    Royal Children’s Hospital
    RR
    risk ratio
    SD
    standard deviation
    SED
    standard erythemal dose
    UVB
    ultraviolet B
    UVR
    ultraviolet radiation
    VDD
    vitamin D deficiency
    VDI
    vitamin D insufficiency
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Footnotes

  • The study was conducted utilising the facilities and the material support of the Clinical Epidemiology and Biostatistics Unit, Murdoch Children’s Research Institute, the Centre for International Child Health, University of Melbourne Department of Paediatrics, and the Royal Children’s Hospital. No other funding was required.

  • Competing interests: None.

  • Abbreviations:
    ALP
    alkaline phosphatase
    BMI
    body mass index
    95% CI
    95% confidence interval
    IQR
    interquartile range
    25-OHD
    25-hydroxyvitamin D
    PTH
    parathyroid hormone
    RCH
    Royal Children’s Hospital
    RR
    risk ratio
    SD
    standard deviation
    SED
    standard erythemal dose
    UVB
    ultraviolet B
    UVR
    ultraviolet radiation
    VDD
    vitamin D deficiency
    VDI
    vitamin D insufficiency

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