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Awareness of the risk of endocarditis associated with tattooing and body piercing among patients with congenital heart disease and paediatric cardiologists in the United Kingdom
  1. Suhair O Shebani1,
  2. Helen F J Miles2,
  3. Phil Simmons2,
  4. John Stickley2,
  5. Joseph V De Giovanni2
  1. 1
    Department of Paediatric Cardiology, Glenfield Hospital, Leicester, UK
  2. 2
    Department of Paediatric Cardiology, Birmingham Children’s Hospital, Birmingham, UK
  1. Dr Suhair Omar Shebani, Department of Paediatric Cardiology, University Hospitals of Leicester, Glenfield Hospital, Groby Road, Leicester LE3 9QP, UK; suhairshebani{at}


Body art in the form of tattoos and piercing has become increasingly popular amongst children and teenagers, and is nowadays more socially acceptable despite media reports citing tissue destruction and death. Our study explored the awareness and experience of patients with congenital heart disease, and of cardiologists and professionals responsible for their care.

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  • Competing interests: None.