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New bacteria in cystic fibrosis

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In recent years new, or relatively new, bacterial isolates have been obtained from patients with cystic fibrosis (CF). They include Burkholderia cepacia, Stenotrophomonas maltophilia, Achromobacter xylosidans, and Mycobacterium avium complex. Three papers in Thorax have added to knowledge about the occurrence and clinical significance of the first two of these organisms.

S maltophilia (previously known as Pseudomonas, or Xanthomonas, maltophilia) is a Gram-negative, non-fermenting rod found in the airways of CF patients and with widespread antibiotic resistance. Its importance as a pathogen has been unclear. A cohort study based on the US CF Foundation National Patient …

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