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Bronchiectasis in patients without cystic fibrosis

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In prosperous countries most children with bronchiectasis have cystic fibrosis and the condition is otherwise uncommon. In economically disadvantaged countries it remains an important feature of chronic suppurative lung disease. In the UK the number of children admitted to hospital with bronchiectasis has declined in the last 50 years, probably because of improved overall health and nutrition and vaccination against whooping cough and measles. For diagnosis high resolution computed tomography (HRCT) has replaced bronchography. Despite the decline almost 10% of the children referred to the paediatric respiratory unit in Newcastle upon Tyne between November 1996 …

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