Background: Postnatal depression is a recognised cause of delayed cognitive development in infants in developed countries. Being underweight is common in South Asia.
Aims: To determine whether postnatal depression contributes to poor growth and development outcomes in Goa, India.
Methods: Cohort study for growth outcomes with nested case-control study for developmental outcomes. A total of 171 babies were weighed and measured at 6–8 weeks following birth. The following measures were used: Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale for maternal mood, and sociodemographic and infant health variables. Outcome measures were: weight (<5th centile), length (<5th centile), and Developmental Assessment Scale for Indian Infants scores at six months.
Results: Postnatal depression was a strong, and independent, predictor of low weight and length and was significantly associated with adverse mental development quotient scores.
Conclusions: This study provides evidence for the first time that postnatal depression, a potentially treatable disorder, is a cause of poor growth and development in South Asia.
- postnatal depression
- developing country
- CI, confidence interval
- DASII, Developmental Assessment Scale for Indian Infants
- EPDS, Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale
- MeDQ, mental development quotient
- MoDQ, motor development quotient
- PND, postnatal depression
- RR, risk ratio
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