Article Text

Download PDFPDF

Hereditary dyslipidaemias and combined risk factors in children with a family history of premature coronary artery disease
Free

Abstract

AIM Schoolchildren aged 10–11 with a family history of premature coronary artery disease (CAD), were examined in order to identify children with genetically determined dyslipidaemias and a combination of risk factors.

METHODS A total of 4000 questionnaires were distributed by the school; 55% of the families answered and returned the questionnaire. Blood lipids, apolipoprotein B, and Lp(a) lipoprotein were analysed in high risk children and their parents.

RESULTS A family history of premature CAD in parents or grandparents was identified in 208 families; 175 agreed to take part in a clinical examination and laboratory tests. Normal blood lipid tests were found in 89 children. Another 48 had an isolated increase of Lp(a) lipoprotein of minor clinical importance. Of the remaining 38 children, 23 had non-hereditary abnormalities of low (LDL) or high density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol or apolipoprotein B. Fifteen children were suspected to have genetically determined dyslipidaemias or a combination of risk factors: in four, possible familial hypercholesterolaemia (FH); in five, possible familial combined hyperlipidaemia; in three, hereditary low HDL cholesterol; and in three a combination of high LDL cholesterol and Lp(a) lipoprotein concentrations. In addition, possible FH was detected in eight of the parents.

CONCLUSION It is worthwhile asking parents about the occurrence of premature CAD among their child's closest relatives.

  • preventive cardiology
  • dyslipidaemia
  • coronary artery disease
View Full Text

Statistics from Altmetric.com

Footnotes

    Request Permissions

    If you wish to reuse any or all of this article please use the link below which will take you to the Copyright Clearance Center’s RightsLink service. You will be able to get a quick price and instant permission to reuse the content in many different ways.