Article Text

Download PDFPDF
Urological anomalies in the Northern Region Fetal Abnormality Survey.
  1. J E Scott,
  2. M Renwick
  1. Department of Surgery, University of Newcastle upon Tyne.


    From 1 January 1985 to 31 December 1990, the Northern Region Fetal Abnormality Survey received 736 notifications of fetuses with suspected urological abnormalities; a prevalence of three per 1000 births. There was a male:female ratio of 2:1, the ratio was higher in obstructive than in intrinsic renal parenchymal lesions. Overall diagnostic sensitivity was 68.9% and positive predictive value 50.8%. Hydronephrosis was the most frequent antenatal diagnosis (421 cases, 57.2%): 233 (55.3%) of these were found to be normal postnatally. There were 52 other false positive diagnoses. Of 113 babies with confirmed hydronephrosis antenatal diagnosis was correct in 97, sensitivity 85.8%, specificity 48.1%; 1.8% of these had chromosome defects. In 33 cases of bilateral renal agenesis antenatal diagnosis was correct or potentially correct in 24, sensitivity 72.7%, specificity 98.9%. Only six of 26 babies with posterior urethral valves were suspected, sensitivity 23%, specificity 98.7%. Mortality rate in 91 babies with unsuspected abnormalities was 39.6%: overall mortality was 24.2%. Unsuspected abnormalities occurred more frequently when mothers were not scanned after the 16th week of pregnancy.

    Statistics from

    Request Permissions

    If you wish to reuse any or all of this article please use the link below which will take you to the Copyright Clearance Center’s RightsLink service. You will be able to get a quick price and instant permission to reuse the content in many different ways.