Of 253 infants with oesophageal atresia treated over an eight year period, 122 (48%) had a total of 213 other anomalies. Most commonly affected were the cardiovascular (61 cases, 29%), anorectal (30 cases, 14%), and genitourinary (29 cases, 14%) systems. The VATER (or VACTERL) association was present in 10% of cases, but occurred more often in patients who had oesophageal atresia without an associated tracheo-oesophageal fistula (3/13, 23%). The level of the associated anorectal malformation was not associated with the type of oesophageal atresia. The presence and severity of other anomalies did not influence the basic approach to treatment of the oesophageal atresia--that is, primary repair whenever possible. Despite aggressive treatment, cardiac malformations were the most common cause of death. There were five infants with the CHARGE association, two with Potter's syndrome, and two with 'SCHISIS' syndrome (cleft lip and palate, omphalocoele, and hypogenitalism).
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