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Recurrent neural tube defects, risk factors and vitamins.
  1. J Wild,
  2. A P Read,
  3. S Sheppard,
  4. M J Seller,
  5. R W Smithells,
  6. N C Nevin,
  7. C J Schorah,
  8. D W Fielding,
  9. S Walker,
  10. R Harris


    Data from our trial of periconceptional vitamin supplementation for the prevention of neural tube defects have been analysed to assess the influence of various factors on recurrence rates of neural tube defect. Our data suggest that the risk of recurrence of neural tube defect is influenced by the number of previous neural tube defects, area of residence, immediately prior miscarriage, and interpregnancy interval. None of these factors, however, contributed any significant differential risk between supplemented and unsupplemented mothers. Hence we conclude that the highly significant difference in recurrence rates of neural tube defect between supplemented and unsupplemented mothers was due to vitamin supplementation.

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