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Tubular dysfunction in type I diabetes mellitus.
  1. M Miltényi,
  2. A Körner,
  3. T Tulassay,
  4. A Szabó


    Tubular function was investigated in patients with diabetic ketoacidosis and those with poorly controlled type I diabetes. Urinary excretion of beta 2 microglobulin and that of certain enzymes: gamma glutamyltransferase, leucine aminopeptidase, and N-acetyl-beta-D-glucosaminidase activities were significantly raised during ketoacidosis in 11 patients compared with healthy controls. In 13 poorly controlled diabetics, tubular electrolyte transport was studied and a significant reduction in tubular phosphate and sodium reabsorption was found. Tubular dysfunction occurring during diabetic ketoacidosis and in poorly controlled diabetics may contribute to the development of diabetic nephropathy.

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