Seventy-two children with the haemolytic-uraemic syndrome were seen between 1969 and 1980 at The Hospital for Sick Children and Guy's Hospital, London. They probably constitute the majority of such cases in south-east England during that period. Boys and girls were affected equally, the mean age at presentation was 3.5 years, and a peak incidence of the disorder in summer months was observed. In 52 (72%) there was a history of diarrhoea at onset. Fifty-seven (78%) were managed by dialysis. Fifty (70%) of the 72 children had a favourable outcome with complete recovery, 3 (4%) died in the acute phase of the illness, 8 (11%) had residual hypertension or chronic renal failure, and 11 (16%) never recovered renal function. The probability of complete recovery of renal function was analysed by logistic regression which indicated that younger age, presentation in the summer months, diarrhoea at onset and, in those patients who were dialysed, a short prodromal illness were associated with a good outcome. Further analysis of the interaction among these variables in the patient group as a whole indicated that diarrhoea favoured a good outcome among boys but not girls.
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