A first-born baby boy presented at age 3 months with persistent diarrhoea, failure to thrive, and recurrent bacterial and fungal infections. Severe combined immunodeficiency was demonstrated. A deficiency of adenosine deaminase (ADA) activity was suggested by the presence of extensive skeletal abnormalities, and the ADA activity in erythrocyte and leucocyte lysates was < 0.005 nmol/h per mg protein. Culture of ADA-negative peripheral blood mononuclear cells, together with purified calf ADA, did not alter the absent phytohaemagglutinin response. Treatment with immunoglobulin, pentamidine, and co-trimoxazole was started and a programme of ADA enzyme replacement, with infusions of plasma and frozen irradiated erythrocytes, was begun at age 4 months and achieved blood ADA levels in excess of 30 nmol/h per mg haemoglobin. Although resolution of the interstitial pneumonitis and skeletal abnormalities was observed, there was no evidence of immunological reconstitution. The patient died at age 17 months after a parainfluenza pneumonitis. Features of importance in predicting lack of benefit from enzyme replacement by erythrocyte infusion in ADA-negative severe combined immunodeficiency appear to be early clinical presentation with associated severe skeletal abnormalities, a very low level of residual ADA activity in peripheral blood mononuclear cells, and lack of effect of exogenous ADA on the absent in vitro mitogen response of ADA-negative blood mononuclear cells.
Statistics from Altmetric.com
If you wish to reuse any or all of this article please use the link below which will take you to the Copyright Clearance Center’s RightsLink service. You will be able to get a quick price and instant permission to reuse the content in many different ways.