Results of Treatment of 270 Consecutive Cases with Criteria for Selection for the Future
The disappointing results of treatment in 270 consecutive unselected cases of spina bifida admitted during a 27-month period are detailed. Massive effort has led to much avoidable suffering at an exorbitant cost in manpower and money. This study confirms the validity of those adverse prognostic criteria defined in an earlier study and which form a basis for selection. These are (1) thoracolumbar lesions, (2) severe paraplegia, (3) gross enlargement of head, (4) kyphosis, and (5) other severe congenital defects, or birth injuries. It is shown again that selection is possible on the first day of life on purely objective criteria; that it is essential for the benefit of all those affected—whether they are for treatment or no treatment; and that it is in the interest of their families and the community.
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