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Integration of services for children
  1. Stephen Turner1,
  2. Michael Downham2,
  3. Allan Colver3,
  4. Marge Craig4,
  5. Arthur Paynter5,
  6. Pauline Pearson6
  1. 1 Edinburgh Dental Institute and Division of Medical and Radiological Sciences, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, UK
  2. 2 Consultant Paediatrician and Project Director (retired), Glasgow, UK
  3. 3 Community Child Health, University of Newcastle upon Tyne, Newcastle upon Tyne, UK
  4. 4 Community Development Worker (retired), Newcastle upon Tyne, UK
  5. 5 Fellow in Community Paediatrics, Newcastle upon Tyne, UK
  6. 6 Emerita Professor of Nursing, Northumbria University, Newcastle upon Tyne, UK
  1. Correspondence to Stephen Turner, Edinburgh Dental Institute and Division of Medical and Radiological Sciences, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, EH3 9HA, UK; sturner1{at}

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The year 2022 saw the establishment of Integrated Care Systems (ICSs) in England. According to the Health Foundation,1 ICSs are the centrepiece of the biggest legislative overhaul of the National Health Service in a decade. The aim is to bring together general practice, hospitals and local authorities. Local ICS initiatives will be developed by place-based partnerships.2 ICSs must say how they will address the needs of children and young people in their 5-year plans, with local consultation and the involvement of children and families. The National Children’s Bureau concluded that ‘taken together, we believe these steps will put the needs of babies, children and young people at the heart of integrated health and care services.’3

To some, these aims may sound familiar. …

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  • Contributors ST has been responsible for editing the material from each of the coauthors and providing relevant evaluative material and discussion regarding current relevance. All authors have seen and approved this resulting rewritten piece.

  • Funding The authors have not declared a specific grant for this research from any funding agency in the public, commercial or not-for-profit sectors.

  • Competing interests None declared.

  • Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed.

  • Author note A fuller retrospective account of the project is available from