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Diabetes in young children – what’s new?

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Managing type 1 insulin dependent diabetes in children less than 6 years of age is a major challenge; low insulin needs along with variable activity levels and food intake can make glycaemic control difficult. Closed loop systems (‘the artificial pancreas’) have been shown to be effective and safe in older children and adults. This system is made up of an insulin pump, a glucose monitoring device which links with a control algorithm. This algorithm adjusts insulin volumes responding to the glucose levels. Closed loop systems have been shown to improve glycaemic control with lower glycated haemoglobin and improved percentage of …

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