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Images in paediatrics
Acute haemorrhagic oedema of infancy: first report of a rare small vessel vasculitis in the neonatal period
  1. Cathal O'Connor1,
  2. Dhani Bux2,
  3. Michael O'Connell1
  1. 1 Dermatology, Waterford Regional Hospital, Waterford, Ireland
  2. 2 Paediatrics, Waterford Regional Hospital, Waterford, Ireland
  1. Correspondence to Dr Cathal O'Connor, Dermatology, Waterford Regional Hospital, Waterford X91 ER8E, Ireland; drcathaloconnor{at}

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A 23-day-old male infant presented with fever (38°C), associated with rhinorrhoea, conjunctivitis and cough. An exuberant eruption was noted on the face, trunk and limbs in the preceding 24 hours. His mother was Irish and his father was Sudanese. On examination, there were extensive urticarial weals with bruising on the face, trunk and limbs (figure 1). Some lesions were targetoid. The mucous membranes were spared. The baby was clinically well. Following dermatology …

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  • Contributors COC is responsible for contributions to the conception or design of the work, drafting the work and revising it critically for important intellectual content and that the accuracy and integrity of any part of the work are appropriately investigated and resolved. DB and MOC are responsible for final approval of the version to be published and agreement to be accountable for all aspects of the work.

  • Funding The authors have not declared a specific grant for this research from any funding agency in the public, commercial or not-for-profit sectors.

  • Competing interests None declared.

  • Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; internally peer reviewed.