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Getting health services right for 16–25 year-olds
  1. Emma Rigby1,
  2. Ann Hagell1,
  3. Marion Davis2,
  4. Helena Gleeson3,4,
  5. Gabrielle Mathews5,
  6. Gill Turner6,7
  1. 1 Association for Young People's Health, London, UK
  2. 2 Adolescent Health Group, Royal College of General Practitioners, London, UK
  3. 3 Endocrinology, University Hospitals Birmingham NHS Foundation Trust, Birmingham, UK
  4. 4 Young Adult and Adolescent Steering Group, Royal College of Physicians, London, UK
  5. 5 School of Medicine, Imperial College London, London, UK
  6. 6 Northumbria Healthcare NHS Foundation Trust, North Shields, Tyne and Wear, UK
  7. 7 Young People's Health Special Interest Group, Royal College of Paediatrics and Child Health, London, UK
  1. Correspondence to Emma Rigby, Association for Young People's Health, London SE1 4YR, UK; emma{at}


The 2019 NHS England Long Term Plan set out the ambition to work across the 0–25 age range to support children and young people as they make the transition to early adulthood. Within this broad age bracket, how do we ensure we get health services right for 16–25 year-olds including the transfer to adult services? In this paper, we explore the evidence supporting youth-friendly and developmentally appropriate healthcare approaches and what these mean in practice for young people and healthcare professionals. Examples from primary and secondary care, as well as the perspectives of a young person, illustrate the challenges and solutions.

  • adolescent health
  • health service
  • multidisciplinary team-care
  • paediatric practice
  • patient perspective

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  • Twitter @AYPHcharity, @AYPHcharity, @gabriellealphon

  • Contributors ER wrote the first full draft. AH contributed to revisions. MD provided comments and good practice examples. GT, HG and GM provided good practice examples. ER and AH wrote the second draft and response to reviewers’ comments.

  • Funding The authors have not declared a specific grant for this research from any funding agency in the public, commercial or not-for-profit sectors.

  • Competing interests None declared.

  • Patient consent for publication Not required.

  • Provenance and peer review Commissioned; externally peer reviewed.

  • Data availability statement Data sharing not applicable as no data sets generated and/or analysed for this study.

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