Aims Our neonatal unit recently updated their parenteral and enteral feeding guideline and started using a standardised parenteral nutrition regimen (SCAMP).1
The aim of this study was to observe the amount of energy and protein that was being delivered to patients using the SCAMP regimen and to evaluate whether it met the recommendations made by ESGPHAN in terms of energy and protein intake.2
Methods A data collection form was designed using Excel. Patients were identified using BadgerNet digital software. All required patient parameters were recorded from Badgernet. Data was anonymised and the Excel spreadsheet was password protected. A single investigator collected data over a 28 day period in October/November 2018. Only patients on the SCAMP regimen were included in the study. Patient data was collected from first day of SCAMP regimen until baby was discharged, or ceased parenteral nutrition.
22 patients were identified for inclusion in the study. Of these, 17/22 (77%) weighed < 1 kg.
Majority of babies (20/22; 91%) were aged < 31 weeks corrected gestational age when SCAMP was initiated.
Majority of babies were on the SCAMP regimen due to prematurity; 4/22 (18%) had a surgical condition, that required PN to be initiated.
1 patient had a complex congenital cardiac anomaly.
Average length of time babies remained on SCAMP was 19 days (range 5–28 days).
Majority of babies were enterally fed using breastmilk. Some babies were on alternative formula feeds.
Mean amount of energy delivered to each patient was calculated. The amount of energy delivered increased daily over the first week, and by day 10 of life had reached the target range (110–135 kcal/kg/day). Recommended energy intake was then maintained for the rest of the 28–day study period.
Target amount of protein intake varied for babies weighing <1 kg and >1 kg. For babies <1 kg, a gradual increase occurred over the first 5 days of life. Recommended protein intake was met between days 5–10 of life, then there was a gradual decline.
For babies weighing between 1–1.8 kg, the recommended protein intake was achieved within 24–48 hours. Higher than recommended amounts of protein were being delivered between days 5–10 of life. Mean protein intake remained within ESPGHAN recommendations (3.5–4 g/kg/day) during weeks 3 and 4 of life.
ResultsThe results are encouraging and demonstrate that neonates are managing to achieve the recommended amounts of energy intake from day 10 of life.
Limitations This study focused solely on energy and protein intake – it did not include observations of growth. Future studies should consider looking at more patient-focused outcomes.
Conclusions SCAMP regimen is delivering the recommended amounts of energy for babies on the neonatal unit – target levels are achieved by day 10 of life.
Future work should focus on observing growth in babies on SCAMP
Earlier introduction of breast–milk fortifier may be helpful to increase protein intake in babies < 1 kg – potential benefits need to be evaluated against risk of adverse effects.
Morgan C, Herwitker S, Badhawi I, et al. SCAMP: standardised, concentrated, additional macronutrients, parenteral nutrition in very preterm infants: a phase IV randomised, controlled exploratory study of macronutrient intake, growth and other aspects of neonatal care. BMC Pediatrics 2011;11:53.
Koletzo B, Goulet O, Hunt J, et al. Guidelines on paediatric parenteral nutrition of the European society of paediatric gastroenterology, hepatology and nutrition (ESPGHAN) and the European society for clinical nutrition and metabolism (ESPEN), supported by the European society of paediatric research (ESPR). J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr 2005;41 (Suppl 2):S1–87.
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