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Changing admission patterns in paediatric emergency departments during the COVID-19 pandemic
  1. Andrea Scaramuzza1,
  2. Francesco Tagliaferri2,
  3. Lorenza Bonetti1,
  4. Martina Soliani1,
  5. Francesco Morotti2,
  6. Simonetta Bellone2,
  7. Claudio Cavalli1,
  8. Ivana Rabbone2
  1. 1 Pediatrics, Azienda Socio Sanitaria Territoriale di Cremona, Cremona, Italy
  2. 2 Pediatrics, University of Piemonte Orientale, Novara, Italy
  1. Correspondence to Dr Andrea Scaramuzza, Pediatrics, Azienda Socio Sanitaria Territoriale di Cremona, 26100 Cremona, Italy; a.scaramuzza{at}

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On 20 February 2020, so-called Italian Patient 1 was admitted to the intensive care unit of his local hospital due to a deteriorating clinical condition from SARS-CoV-2/COVID-19 infection.

In Italy, COVID-19 originated from a handful of small towns in northern Italy that were swiftly placed into lockdown. Lockdown of Milan, Venice, Rimini and their provinces and neighbouring towns and cities followed on 8 March and the whole of Italy on 9 March, when the ‘#stayhome’ (#iostoacasa) executive order was issued. This order remained in place until after Easter, with all public gatherings banned and travel only allowed for ‘urgent, verifiable work situations and emergencies or health reasons’.

As of 30 March, 101 739 COVID-19 cases have been confirmed in Italy. This number includes the deceased (n=11 591) as well as those who have recovered …

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