Download PDFPDF
Infant sleep and child mental health: a longitudinal investigation
Compose Response

Plain text

  • No HTML tags allowed.
  • Web page addresses and e-mail addresses turn into links automatically.
  • Lines and paragraphs break automatically.
Author Information
First or given name, e.g. 'Peter'.
Your last, or family, name, e.g. 'MacMoody'.
Your email address, e.g.
Your role and/or occupation, e.g. 'Orthopedic Surgeon'.
Your organization or institution (if applicable), e.g. 'Royal Free Hospital'.
Statement of Competing Interests


  • A rapid response is a moderated but not peer reviewed online response to a published article in a BMJ journal; it will not receive a DOI and will not be indexed unless it is also republished as a Letter, Correspondence or as other content. Find out more about rapid responses.
  • We intend to post all responses which are approved by the Editor, within 14 days (BMJ Journals) or 24 hours (The BMJ), however timeframes cannot be guaranteed. Responses must comply with our requirements and should contribute substantially to the topic, but it is at our absolute discretion whether we publish a response, and we reserve the right to edit or remove responses before and after publication and also republish some or all in other BMJ publications, including third party local editions in other countries and languages
  • Our requirements are stated in our rapid response terms and conditions and must be read. These include ensuring that: i) you do not include any illustrative content including tables and graphs, ii) you do not include any information that includes specifics about any patients,iii) you do not include any original data, unless it has already been published in a peer reviewed journal and you have included a reference, iv) your response is lawful, not defamatory, original and accurate, v) you declare any competing interests, vi) you understand that your name and other personal details set out in our rapid response terms and conditions will be published with any responses we publish and vii) you understand that once a response is published, we may continue to publish your response and/or edit or remove it in the future.
  • By submitting this rapid response you are agreeing to our terms and conditions for rapid responses and understand that your personal data will be processed in accordance with those terms and our privacy notice.
This question is for testing whether or not you are a human visitor and to prevent automated spam submissions.

Vertical Tabs

Other responses

Jump to comment:

  • Published on:
    Normal infant sleep behaviours
    • Susannah A Pye, Paediatric registrar North London Deanery
    • Other Contributors:
      • Kate O'Connell, Paediatrian
      • Helen Hammond, O&G Registrar
      • Rufaro Ndokera, Paediatric registrar

    Dear Editor,

    We note with interest the conclusions made in the longitudinal cohort review published by Cook et al1 linking frequent night wakings in infancy with emotional disorders in later childhood. Our analysis of the paper questions whether the medical profession is overmedicalising normal sleep behaviours without fully identifying what is within normal limits.

    Multiple potential confounders were not adjusted for in the analysis, including but not limited to: method of feeding, neonatal and infant medical history, sleep environment (co-sleeping and bedsharing) or the proportion of parents implementing sleep training methods. Additionally, statistical significance for these conclusions was reached by comparing the babies labelled with with ‘persistent severe sleep problems’ (19.4%) with those classed as ‘settled sleepers’ (23.7%), rather than the 56.0% of babies labelled with ‘moderate sleep problems’. Over half of the cohort were repeatedly waking at night, confirming that this is a common feature of normal infant behaviour. This paper provides a much-needed opportunity to discuss our social expectations of infant sleeping patterns and the increasing risk of overmedicalising normal sleep behaviours.

    Modern western culture necessitates that adults sleep at night in order to function at work during the day. Societal changes over the last century have normalised the idea that babies too should sleep through the night, and this has slipped into the id...

    Show More
    Conflict of Interest:
    None declared.