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Prioritising paediatric surveillance during the COVID-19 pandemic
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  • Published on:
    Protect children from Covid-19: the “secondary pandemia”
    • Federico Marchetti, Director, Pediatrician Department of Paediatrics, Santa Maria delle Croci Hospital, 48121 Ravenna, Italy

    Dear Editor,
    Ladhani SN et al (1) underline during the pandemic from Covid-19 the importance of reporting pediatric population surveillance data, and the pediatricians are encouraged to get involved with research and clinical trials to better understand the immunopatho-physiology and identify effective treatments for COVID-19 in children.

    However, as the authors themselves point out, the Covid-19 pandemic has been shown to be much milder as clinical manifestations in the infant and child than in the adult. Bhopal S et al (2) examined mortality data for 0-19 year olds, showing that across France, Germany, Italy, Korea, Spain, the United Kingdom, and the United States there were 44 deaths from covid-19 in 0-19 year olds (total population 135.691.226) up to 19 May 2020. Over a normal three month period, in these countries, published Global Burden of Disease data estimate that more than 13.000 deaths would be expected from all causes in this age group, including over 1000 from unintentional injury and 308 from lower respiratory tract infection including influenza.

    Because of their isolation, children are having documented risks that we are getting used to calling Covid-19 side effects or secondary pandemic (3,4): from delays in diagnosing some clinically relevant diseases (5), to educational deprivation (6), to the care needs of certain categories of children fragile with social and health needs that have interrupted their care project. The deep risk that...

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    Conflict of Interest:
    None declared.