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I read with interest the review on functional abdominal pain and link to anxiety. However, there is no mention of the potential aetiology for anxiety.
In our school age paediatric neurodevelopmental clinic , children and young people with diagnoses of Autism Spectrum Disorder often present with escalating levels of anxiety in relation to school attendance that is reflected in a range of physical symptoms that may include abdominal pain, headaches and sleep disturbance . Indeed ,they have often been under the care of the acute paediatric service and prescribed a variety of medications. School attendance has often been affected and/or there have been concerns about learning and behaviour leading to referral to the Neurodevelopmental /Community Paediatric clinic
Once reasonable adjustments and environmental modifications have been implemented to support the individual , anxiety diminishes and physical symptoms improve. This has been most noticeable during the recent lockdown with many young people with ASD flourishing without the incapacitating anxiety that is associated with the busy, complex, social environment of school.
A detailed psycho - social and neurodevelopmental history and consideration of the possibility of Autism Spectrum Disorder is likely to be helpful for this group of children and young people.