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Return of vivax malaria in Cyprus
  1. Holly Emms,
  2. Richard Lee,
  3. Alison Thomas,
  4. Katja Doerholt,
  5. Kirsty Le Doare
  1. Department of Paediatrics, St George’s University, London, UK
  1. Correspondence to Dr Holly Emms, Department of Paediatrics, St George’s University, London SW17 0RE, UK; holly.emms{at}

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Malaria elimination in Europe has been the focus of significant national and international effort, and in 2015 the WHO declared for the first time that there were no indigenous cases of malaria in the WHO European region.1 However, since that time there have been several localised outbreaks of malaria in countries throughout Europe. We report two cases of vivax malaria in individuals returning from Northern Cyprus, which was declared malaria free in 1967. One further case of vivax malaria, also in an individual returning from the Cyprian resort of Esentepe in August 2017, has been highlighted by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.2

Our patients were siblings aged 10 and …

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  • Contributors All authors contributed equally to this work.

  • Funding The authors have not declared a specific grant for this research from any funding agency in the public, commercial or not-for-profit sectors.

  • Competing interests None declared.

  • Patient consent Obtained.

  • Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; internally peer reviewed.