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P436 Knowledge and practice of pulse oximetry screening for critical congenital heart defect in newborn infants by paediatricians in BENIN
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  1. Yakoubou Annatou1,
  2. Adjagba Mahouna Philippe2,
  3. Tchiakpe Nicole1
  1. 1Faculte Des Sciences De La Sante, Universite D’abomey-Calavi, Cotonou, Benin
  2. 2E Des Sciences De La Sante, Universite D’abomey-Calavi, Cotonou, Benin

Abstract

Introduction Pulse oximetry screening for critical congenital heart defect in newborn infants is not widely used even in developed countries. In Benin, the diagnosis of congenital heart disease is often late, making the surgical treatment impossible

Objective To assess the knowledge and practice of pulse oximetry screening for critical congenital heart defect in newborn infants by paediatricians in Benin.

Method This was a phone survey or a direct interview that interested pediatricians in Benin. The data examined included the seniority of paediatricians, their location, their knowledge and practice of pulse oximetry screening for critical congenital heart defect in newborn infants. The data has been analyzed with EPI info 3.5.4 software.

Results we have identified 84 paediatricians but only 55(65.47%) participated in this survey. The average duration of paediatric practice was 10.6 ± 8.04 years (1–29). Most of them exercised in LITTORAL district (n = 34) and in private clientele (n = 22). Respondents reported hearing about pulse oximetry screening for critical congenital heart defect in newborn infants in 65.45% of cases. Only 12.73% were aware of a screening protocol and 16 paediatricians routinely practised it. Only one respondent had a program for screening of critical congenital heart defects by pulse oximetry at its center. The exercise time was inversely associated with knowledge of this screening (p = 0.005). This knowledge did not influence the practice of screening critical congenital heart defect in newborn infants (p = 0.18).

Conclusion Pulse oximetry screening for critical congenital heart defect in newborn infants is few used by paediatricians in Benin. Its systematization would improve the screening.

  • Pulse oximetry
  • congenital heart disease
  • screening.

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