Download PDFPDF
Language in 2-year-old children born preterm and term: a cohort study
Compose Response

Plain text

  • No HTML tags allowed.
  • Web page addresses and e-mail addresses turn into links automatically.
  • Lines and paragraphs break automatically.
Author Information
First or given name, e.g. 'Peter'.
Your last, or family, name, e.g. 'MacMoody'.
Your email address, e.g.
Your role and/or occupation, e.g. 'Orthopedic Surgeon'.
Your organization or institution (if applicable), e.g. 'Royal Free Hospital'.
Statement of Competing Interests


  • A rapid response is a moderated but not peer reviewed online response to a published article in a BMJ journal; it will not receive a DOI and will not be indexed unless it is also republished as a Letter, Correspondence or as other content. Find out more about rapid responses.
  • We intend to post all responses which are approved by the Editor, within 14 days (BMJ Journals) or 24 hours (The BMJ), however timeframes cannot be guaranteed. Responses must comply with our requirements and should contribute substantially to the topic, but it is at our absolute discretion whether we publish a response, and we reserve the right to edit or remove responses before and after publication and also republish some or all in other BMJ publications, including third party local editions in other countries and languages
  • Our requirements are stated in our rapid response terms and conditions and must be read. These include ensuring that: i) you do not include any illustrative content including tables and graphs, ii) you do not include any information that includes specifics about any patients,iii) you do not include any original data, unless it has already been published in a peer reviewed journal and you have included a reference, iv) your response is lawful, not defamatory, original and accurate, v) you declare any competing interests, vi) you understand that your name and other personal details set out in our rapid response terms and conditions will be published with any responses we publish and vii) you understand that once a response is published, we may continue to publish your response and/or edit or remove it in the future.
  • By submitting this rapid response you are agreeing to our terms and conditions for rapid responses and understand that your personal data will be processed in accordance with those terms and our privacy notice.
This question is for testing whether or not you are a human visitor and to prevent automated spam submissions.

Vertical Tabs

Other responses

Jump to comment:

  • Published on:
    Response to 'Observations'
    • Katherine Sanchez, Speech Pathologist Murdoch Children's Research Institute
    • Other Contributors:
      • Alicia Spittle, Physiotherapist
      • Angela T. Morgan, Speech Pathologist

    Dear Dr Howells,


    Thank you for your Rapid Response to our publication, ‘Language in 2-year-old children born preterm and term: a cohort study’ in the Archives of Disease in Childhood. We appreciate the opportunity to provide clarity on the points you raised.


    1. Infants in this study were recruited one to two weeks following birth as it was part of a larger longitudinal cohort study aimed at understanding early neurobehavioural and brain development. Medical staff recommended that infants were not approached if the infants were medically unstable or parents had previously requested not to be approached regarding research studies at this early stage.
    2. Due to the size of the sample, we did not perform subgroup analysis by gestational age at birth within the preterm cohort. We appreciate that the distribution of gestational age at birth is of interest, and provide this in the table below



    Gestational age in completed weeks

    Number of children

    Percent of very preterm group




    Show More
    Conflict of Interest:
    None declared.
  • Published on:

    Dear Sanchez et al,

    I read with interest your recent publication “Language in 2-year-old children born preterm and term: a cohort study) in the Archives of Disease in Childhood. I have made certain observations, and would welcome your views on them.

    I notice (Figure 1) that you screened 557 preterm infants for eligibility. Ninety three of these were excluded as they were deemed unsuitable by medical staff and another hundred and seventeen were excluded for other reasons. As those numbers are quite substantial, I am curious to know what those factors were, and think that some details on those factors will further enhance the quality of the paper.

    Your preterm cohort is defined as <30 weeks gestation. The current evidence shows that mortality and morbidity in preterm babies is associated with degree of prematurity. Therefore, I am wondering that what was the distribution of gestational age in the group and was there any further subgroup analysis attempted.

    You mentioned family history having an impact on the likelihood of language delay in the introduction. However, I note that this was not included in list of factors explored. I wonder if there was any particular reason to do so.

    I look forward to hearing from you, and would like to thank you in anticipation for your time.

    Many thanks,
    Dr Anna Howells
    Paediatric SPR
    Community Paediatrics, Bromley

    Conflict of Interest:
    None declared.