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A 4-year-old girl arrived in Italy from Cameroon 8 months previously. She developed severe pneumonia several weeks later and was hospitalised. As part of her care, she underwent an immune workup and a severe depletion of CD4+ T cells (7 cell/mm3) was revealed with HIV copy number of 1.8 million/mm3. She was given lamivudine and lopinavir/ritonavir. After about 6 months of therapy, blood tests showed increased CD4+ T …
Contributors AB and PP have drafted the manuscript. EV, CM and LB were responsible for literature search. LG and MdM critically revisited the manuscript.
Funding The authors have not declared a specific grant for this research from any funding agency in the public, commercial or not-for-profit sectors.
Competing interests None declared.
Patient consent Parental/guardian consent obtained.
Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed.