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Why is child mortality higher in England than Sweden?

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The massive differences in child mortality between low and high-income countries are well-known, but differences between similarly wealthy countries are also striking, and inter-country comparisons can tell us much about the causes.

England and Sweden are both prosperous Western European countries with universal social security and healthcare, so one might expect mortality rates to be similar: not so. A major study in The Lancet highlights how badly England is doing compared with Sweden (Zylbersztejn A et al. 2018. doi: 10.1016/S0140-6736(18)30670-6). The authors looked at national data for mortality between 2003 and 2012 …

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  • Competing interests None declared.

  • Provenance and peer review Commissioned; internally peer reviewed.