Objectives To explore the clinical issues of human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccination to develop explanatory hypotheses for the low level of vaccination among adolescent girls in France where the full course coverage is low (<15%).
Design We used semistructured interviews. Our qualitative and phenomenological procedure applied interpretative phenomenological analysis.
Participants 16 physicians regularly faced with the prescription of HPV vaccine, represented several medical specialties (paediatrics, general practice, internal medicine, gynaecology), with hospitalist or private practices.
Main outcome measures The results connect three superordinate themes grouping three concentric levels: within society, during the consultation and in the individual doctor’s feelings.
Results The modalities and contents of the information about HPV vaccination raise questions about the limitations of the information doctors receive. The ineluctable association between sexuality and HPV vaccination explains their reluctance to raise topics considered to be private. The reasons for HPV vaccination illustrate the difficulty of arguing in favour of it. In view of the frequent parental reluctance, which weakens the parent–physician alliance, physicians must take responsibility for defending the benefits of vaccination. They nonetheless remain citizens whose opinions may implicitly echo the general reluctance, promoted by disinformation. In delaying or avoiding the subject of vaccination, they involuntarily become an instrument of anti-vaccination discourse.
Conclusions It is imperative to improve the distribution of credible information about vaccination, unbiased and scientifically supported by a strong institutional position and to rethink the place of the clinician in the system of adolescent health and disease prevention in France.
- Adolescent Health
- Qualitative Research
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Contributors Conceived and designed the experiments: HL, JL and MRM. Conducted the literature review: HL, JL and CS. Performed the experiments: HL, CS, JL and MRM. Wrote the paper: HL and JL (the entire paper), CS (results and discussion) and MRM (introduction and discussion). Final approval: HL, CS, JL and MRM.
Funding None declared.
Patient consent Obtained.
Ethics approval An appropriate ethics review board approved the protocol CEERB of HUPNVS, Paris 7 University, AP-HP (IRB N° IRB 00006477).
Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed.