Article Text

Download PDFPDF
Current status of paediatric and neonatal organ donation in the UK
  1. Kay C Hawkins1,
  2. Angie Scales2,
  3. Paul Murphy2,
  4. Susanna Madden2,
  5. Joe Brierley3
  1. 1 Paediatric Intensive Care Unit, Royal Manchester Children’s Hospital, Manchester, UK
  2. 2 NHS Blood and Transplant, Leeds, UK
  3. 3 Department of Critical Care & Bioethics, Great Ormond Street Hospital, London, UK
  1. Correspondence to Dr Joe Brierley, Department of Bioethics, Great Ormond Street Hospital for Children NHS Trust, London WC1N 3JH, UK; joe.brierley{at}

Statistics from


In 2010, a publication reviewing the contemporary state of paediatric organ donation in the UK was published in this journal.1 At the time, there was little antecedent data or practical consideration of this in the literature or indeed from national bodies tasked with improving and saving lives through organ donation and transplantation. In the intervening period, much of the infrastructure to facilitate organ donation has been addressed as part of national drives. Significant and specific child health-targeted actions such as guidance on the diagnosis of death using neurological criteria in neonates created the potential for donation after brain death (DBD).2 Additionally, publications from the now disbanded UK Donation Ethics Committee (UKDEC) on donation from children3 4 and guidance from the National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE) determined organ donation to be part of or included in routine end of life care at all ages.5 The Royal College of Paediatrics and Child Health (RCPCH) has also included organ donation considerations prominently in its latest ethical and legal framework ‘Decisions to Limit Therapy’.6 However, the overall increase in donation rates seen across the general population over this period has not been replicated in children, with rates remaining static (figure 1).

Figure 1

Deceased paediatric donors, transplants and active transplant list in the UK.

More recently, National Health Service Blood and Transplant (NHSBT) has commissioned a paediatric subcommittee of the National Organ Donation Committee, and donation after circulatory definition of death (DCD) from babies has now occurred in several neonatal and paediatric units, including from a number of babies affected by anencephaly.

This paper reviews national data on organ donation from children in the UK, paediatric unit-specific performance variations and the impact of these various interventions on organ donation from children and identifies areas for future improvement. …

View Full Text


  • Contributors JB: had the initial idea and wrote the first version of the paper. KH and AS: amended in line with the national paediatric donation committee’s aims and processes. AS: oversaw data collection and input and the practical aspects of graph and table insertion and edited the later versions. SM: worked on the data and allayed and created the graphs. PM: edited the version initially submitted and edited it before JB finalised and submitted version 1. AS and KH: undertook revision following review before final amendment and submission by JB.

  • Competing interests None declared.

  • Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed.

Request Permissions

If you wish to reuse any or all of this article please use the link below which will take you to the Copyright Clearance Center’s RightsLink service. You will be able to get a quick price and instant permission to reuse the content in many different ways.