Background The growth and development of premature infants with gestational age less than 32 weeks is influenced by multiple factors among which parenteral and enteral nutrition is essential in the short and long term evolution of these high risk newborns.
Aims Reducing the incidence of extrauterine growth restriction, neonatal morbidity and mortality.
Methods Retrospective study on a group of premature infants with gestational age less than or equal to 32 weeks, cared for in 2015 in the Neonatology Department of ‘Polizu’ Clinical Hospital. Data were statistically analysed with SPSS.
Results and conclusions Parenteral nutrition administered according to current guidelines (early intake of proteins, lipids etc.) and early initiation of enteral nutrition with breast milk, supplementing with breast milk fortifier and using milk formula suitable for age and pathology, caused a good growth of the studied premature infants.
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