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Long-term effects of bullying
  1. Dieter Wolke1,
  2. Suzet Tanya Lereya2
  1. 1Department of Psychology and Division of Mental Health and Wellbeing, University of Warwick, Coventry, UK
  2. 2Department of Psychology, University of Warwick, Coventry, UK
  1. Correspondence to Professor Dieter Wolke, Department of Psychology, University of Warwick, Coventry, CV4 7AL, UK; D.Wolke{at}


Bullying is the systematic abuse of power and is defined as aggressive behaviour or intentional harm-doing by peers that is carried out repeatedly and involves an imbalance of power. Being bullied is still often wrongly considered as a ‘normal rite of passage’. This review considers the importance of bullying as a major risk factor for poor physical and mental health and reduced adaptation to adult roles including forming lasting relationships, integrating into work and being economically independent. Bullying by peers has been mostly ignored by health professionals but should be considered as a significant risk factor and safeguarding issue.

  • Child Abuse
  • Psychology
  • School Health
  • General Paediatrics
  • Outcomes research

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